New publication: Iconic stories in the aftermath of the 1994 Rwandan genocide


I’m pleased to announce that my latest article, “The danger of a single story: Iconic stories in the aftermath of the 1994 Rwandan genocide,” has just been published online with Memory Studies. The article explores the phenomenon of iconic stories—previously described by Linda Shopes (2002) and Sherna Berger Gluck (2011) as concrete accounts of unique and totemic events that come to have particular historical, political or personal resonance for narrators, prompting them to incorporate these accounts into their life histories, adopting them as their own—as it relates to Rwanda following the 1994 genocide. In the aftermath of the 1994 genocide, the government of Rwanda—much like other transitional regimes around the world—has prioritized reconciliation initiatives that educate civilians with a highly politicized understanding of the conflict and encourage them to speak about the conflict and its aftermath in a manner that reinforces the legitimacy of the current government. However, individual survivors, bystanders, ex-combatants, and/or perpetrators of the genocide find various subtle ways to reinforce, resist, or complicate the current official history. The article analyzes a series of “iconic stories” that are repeated by Rwandans in different settings due to their historical and personal resonance for what they can tell us about the ethnic and political tensions that often continue to divide Rwandans and the overall challenges associated with everyday life since the genocide. Yet, engaging with these iconic stories places the researcher in a difficult position where the democratizing potential of oral history is potentially undermined. The article therefore argues that even while qualitative researchers have an obligation to listen deeply to their informants, their moral and professional obligations to avoid reproducing narratives that promote potentially reprehensible agendas—for example, genocide denial or the legitimation of authoritarianism—make contextualizing their participants’ narratives in relation to the personal, historical, and political climate in which they are being produced essential. The print version will be part of Memory Studies 10(2), to be published in 2017.

Gluck SB (2011) Trust, betrayal, and “truths”: reflections on what we do/don’t say about our oral histories—and why. Paper presented at the Centre for Oral History and Digital Storytelling Conference, Off the Record: Unspoken Negotiations in the Practice of Oral History.

Shopes L (2002) What is oral history? History matters: the U.S. survey course on the web: 2–23. Available at: (accessed 30 July 2016).

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